History of the Two
The modern two dollar bill was first introduced in 1976. The front contains a portrait of Thomas Jefferson, and the new rear of the bill contains the Declaration of Independence painting. This was to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the actual signing of the Declaration in 1776. The fact that Thomas Jefferson is on the front is significant—after all, he wrote the Declaration of Independence.
The initial printing in 1976 consisted of 590,720,000 twos—minted for all twelve Federal Reserve Banks. This series was actually printed until September of 1979. More information can be found here.
In 1995, the modern two was printed for the second time. This time, 154,880,000 twos were printed—only for the Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank. They were printed until November 1996. More information can be found here.
The next printing of the two took place in 2003. For this printing, the Minneapolis Federal Reserve Bank had the honor. All 125,440,000 twos printed in this series were for that bank. They were printed until October of 2003. More information can be found here.
The next printing of the two is for the 2003A series. It took place between July and September 2006. For this series, 230,420,000 twos were printed for all Federal Reserve Banks. More information can be found here.
The 2009 series of twos were printed between February 2012 and August 2012. For this series, 134,400,000 twos were printed for the Boston, New York, Cleveland, Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, and San Francisco Federal Reserve Banks. More information can be found here.
The most recent printing of twos is the 2013 series. So far, they have been printed in November 2013 for the Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank. More information can be found here.